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The World Factbook: Background: :: Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of more [Source: The World Factbook] Wikipedia: Vanuatu (English i/ˌvɑːnuːˈɑːtuː/ vah-noo-AH-too or /vænˈwɑːtuː/ van-WAH-too; Bislama IPA: [vanuaˈtu]), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (French: République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is some 1,750 kilometres (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia, 500 kilometres (310 mi) northeast of New Caledonia, west of Fiji, and southeast of the Solomon more [Source: Wikipedia]

Expertise (alphabetical order)

Senior Research Fellow, Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology at University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

Keywords: Museums, Material Culture, Art, Anthropological Fieldwork

Senior Research Fellow, Graduate Research Centre at Victoria University, Australia

Keywords: Anthropological Fieldwork, Christianisation, Cultural Change, Custom, Colonialism, Decolonisation, Epistemology, Historical Consciousness, History, Memory

Professor, liberal historian and consultancy at University of New Caledonia, New Caledonia

Keywords: Christianisation, Colonialism, Cultural Change, Cultural Heritage, First Contacts, French Overseas Territories, Politics, Polynesian Chiefdoms

Research Fellow, Anthropology Department/School of Psychology at The University of Waikato, New Zealand

Keywords: Development Studies, Education, Kava/Yaqona, Cognition, Health, Applied Anthropology, Community Development, Cultural Studies, Customary Law, Decolonisation

Associate Professor, School of Psychology at University of Auckland, New Zealand

Keywords: Environment, Land Management, Social Network Analysis, Morality, Ritual

Jocelyn AZNAR
Postdoctoral Fellow, FB 3 at Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft (ZAS), Germany

Keywords: Linguistic Anthropology, Narratives, Literature, Language Documentation, Digital Resources, Linguistic Description, Nisvai Language, Cross-linguistic Studies, Corpus Linguistics

Associate Professor, Pacific and Asian History at Australian National University, Australia

Keywords: Colonial Imagination, Cultural Heritage, Historical Consciousness, Landscape, Narratives, Historical Imagination, First Contacts, Climate Change, Disaster Studies, Drawing

Lecturer, School of Civil Engineering at University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Keywords: Water Resources, Sanitation, Development Studies, Participation, Health, Hygiene, Menstruation, Toilets, Water

Ruci Mafi BOTEI
PhD Student, Oceania Centre for Arts, Culture & Pacific Studies at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Agency, Culture-nature Relations, Customary Law, Cutural Change, Epistemology, Pacific Regional Politics, Pacific Studies, World Heritage

Richard Michael ('Mike') BOURKE
Associate Professor, College of Asia and the Pacific at The Australian National University, Australia

Keywords: Agriculture, Climate Change, Farming Systems, Food and Nutrition, Gardens, Horticulture, Subsistence Economy, Techniques, Taro, Sweet Potato

Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Social Anthropology at University of Oslo, Norway

Keywords: Morality, Social Change, Social Organization, Complexity, Politics, Climate Change, Cosmology, Christianity, Sorcery

Independent researcher

Keywords: Kinship, Ritual, Language, Ceremonial discourse

Research Fellow, UMR 5175 CEFE Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive at CNRS - Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, France

Keywords: Agriculture, Environment, Land Management, Natural Resources, Seed Circulation, Agrobiodiversity, Local/Folk Classification, Local Nomenclature, Social Network Analysis, Coconut

Postdoctoral Fellow, Laboratoire Magmas et volcans (UMR CNRS 6524; UMR IRD 163) at International Research Centre of Disaster Science and Sustainable Development , France

Keywords: Disaster, Forced Displacement, Disaster Studies, Human-environment Relations, Environmental Migrations, Humanitarian Aid, Post-catastrophe Reconstruction

Senior Lecturer, School of Economics at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Population and Development, Migration, Age and Aging, Employment, Labour Mobility, Urbanization, Poverty, Vulnerability

Francoise CAYROL
Research Fellow, Cnep Pacific's New Studies Center at University of New Caledonia, New Caledonia

Research Fellow, State Society and Governance in Melanesia Program at Australian National University, Australia

Keywords: Development, Gender, Gender Violence, Politics, Poverty, Sexuality, Society

Independent researcher, Délégation de l'Etat à la Recherche et Technologie at Ministry of Scientific Research, France

Keywords: Cultural Heritage, Ecology, Environment, Fisheries, Marine Biodiversity, Shark in Culture, Eco-anthropology, Traditional Ecological Knowledge

Jennifer CORRIN
Professor, Centre for Public, International and Comparative Law at T C Beirne School of Law, The University of Queensland, Australia

Keywords: Customary Law, Legal Pluralism, Law and Culture, Human Rights, Dispute Resolution, Land Tenure

Kathryn CREELY
Librarian/Archivist, Tuzin Archive for Melanesian Anthropology at University of California San Diego, United States

Keywords: Digital Resources, Anthropological Field Records, Photography

Associate Professor, Department of Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific at Australian National University, Australia

Keywords: Climate Change, Agency, Anthropology, Conflict Resolution, Coral Reefs, Cultural Geography, Development Studies, Fisheries, Food History, History

Thomas DICK
PhD Student, School of Arts and Social Science at Southern Cross University, Australia

Keywords: Water Music, Agency, Audiovisual and Media, Colonial Discourse, Cultural Production, Creativity, Contemporary Indigenous Art, Development Media, Diasporas, Ethnographic Filmmaking

Independent researcher, also part-time lecturer at University of Lucerne, Switzerland

Keywords: Uncertainty, Social Organization, Land Management, Social Change, First Contacts, Environment, Digital Resources, Indigenous Politics, Personhood, Sorcery

Marie-France DUHAMEL
Lecturer, School of Pacific Arts, Communication and Education - Linguistics at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Linguistic Description, Linguistic Typology, Language Documentation, Language Change, Sociolinguistics, Languages Of Oceania, Language Variation, Historical Linguistics, Variationist Linguistics, Languages Of Vanuatu

Independent researcher, retired University Professor at University of the French Pacific, French Polynesia

Keywords: Myth, Pre-European Settlement, Genetics, Archaeology, Prehistory

Assistant Professor, Laboratoire interdisciplinaire en études culturelles (LinCS UMR 7069) at Université de Strasbourg, France

Keywords: Architectural Anthropology, Material Culture, Techniques, Value, Gender, Cultural Change, Museums

Sebastian T. ELLERICH
Lecturer, Musicological Department at University of Cologne, Germany

Keywords: Agriculture, Bislama, History, Identity, Indigenization, Kava, Language Ideology, Music, Music and Languages, Nationalism

Hannah FAIR
PhD Student, Geography at University College London, United Kingdom

Keywords: Climate Change, Social Movement

Professor, Law at Northumbria University, United Kingdom

Keywords: Customary Law, Gender, Land Tenure, Neo-Colonialism, Post-Colonialism, Sustainability, Development, Children, Legal Pluralism

Research Fellow, Department of Anthropology at Macquarie University, Australia

Keywords: History, Kinship, Law and Culture, Cosmology, Social Organization

PhD Student, School of Geography at University of Otago, New Zealand

Keywords: Climate Change Migration, Pacific Studies, Sustainable Development, Perceptions, Geography, Sustainable Livelihoods

Senior Lecturer, Intercultural Studies at Alphacrucis College, Australia

Keywords: Religion, Big-manship, Leadership, Cultural Change, Contextualisation, Cultural Studies, Political Anthropology, Worldview, Christianity, Missiology

PhD Student, Centre for Pacific Studies at University of St Andrews, United Kingdom

Keywords: Textiles / Fibre Arts, Place-making, Techniques, Museums, Material Culture, Heritage, Weaving, Baskets

Adjunct/associate Researcher, UMR 7041 at CNRS - Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, France

Keywords: Austronesian Prehistory, Cultural Technology, Exchanges, Material Culture, Techniques, Polynesian Chiefdoms, Social Organization, Anthropology, Geochemistry

Desirée HETZEL
Research Fellow, Institut für Ethnologie at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany

Keywords: Environmental Anthropology, Climate Change, Horticulture, Indigenous Political Movements

Elisabeth HOLLAND
Professor, Pacific Centre for the Environment and Sustainable Development at University of the South Pacific, Nauru

Keywords: Climate Change, Oceania, Ocean Acidification, Pacific Studies, Sustainable Development, Sustainability

Curator, Pacific Arts at National Gallery of Australia, Australia

Associate Professor, Center for Pacific Islands Studies at University of Hawai'i-Manoa, United States

Keywords: Development Studies, Development, Logging, Pacific Regional Politics, Pacific Studies, Political Economy, Foreign Policy, Natural Resources

Christian KAUFMANN
Independent researcher, Sainsbury Research Unit at University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

Keywords: Art, Cultural Technology, Cultural Heritage

Independent researcher, Pacific Community at EU PacTVET project, Tonga

Keywords: Resilience, Indigenous Knowledge, Forced Migration, Subaltern Bodies, Māui Genealogies, Body Theory, Coconut Oil, Race, Settlerhood

Thorgeir KOLSHUS
Professor, DISCO Diversity Studies Centre Oslo at Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway

Keywords: Politics, Christianity, Gender, Mission History, Ritual And Religion, Diversity, Ethnicity

Krishna KOTRA
Lecturer, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences at The University of the South Pacific, Vanuatu

Keywords: Climate Change, Water, Water And Wastewater Treatment And Reuse, Pedagogy, Micro Plastcis, Ocean Acidification, Environment, Development, Migration, Dispossession

Matthias KOWASCH
Professor, Institute of Secondary Teacher Education at University College of Teacher Education Styria, Austria

Keywords: Conflict, Development, Education, Governance, Indigenous Political Movements, Identity, Land Tenure, Mining, Post-Colonialism, Political Ecology

Lecturer, Department of Anthropology at Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada

Keywords: Personhood, Social Change, Urban, Homelessness, Place Making

Guillaume LE PORT
Independent researcher, Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l'Environnement at CNRS - Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, French Polynesia

Keywords: Climate Change, Conservation, Ecology, Fisheries, French Overseas Territories, Marine Biodiversity, Natural Hazards, Social-ecological System, Tourism, Coastal Erosion

Craig LIND
Research Fellow, Department of Anthropology, Centre for Pacific Studies at University of St Andrews, United Kingdom

Keywords: Gender, Intersubjectivity, Landscape, Memory, Migration, Mission History, Museums, Perception, Personhood, Religion

Assistant Professor, Visiting, French and Italian at Colby Collge, United States

Keywords: Colonial Politic, Postcolonial Literatures, Nuclear Issues, Nationalism, Colonial Imagination, Contemporary Literatures, Decolonisation, Ecology, Ethnicity, Feminism

PhD Student, Sainsbury Research Unit at University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

Keywords: Anthropological Fieldwork, Contemporary Indigenous Art, Cultural Heritage, Intellectual Property Rights, Material Culture, Urbanization, Visual Anthropology

Senior Lecturer, Département Asie du Sud-est, Haute-Asie, Pacifique at INALCO, France

Keywords: History, Politics, Regional History, Nationalism, Indigenous/non-Indigenous Relations, International Relationships

Associate Professor, Centro de Estudios de Asia y África at El Colegio de México, Mexico

Keywords: Indigenous Epistemology, Climate Change, Climate Policy, Anthropology of Ontology, Cultural Geography, Ecology, First Contacts, History, Horticulture, Knowledge

Rebecca MONSON
Senior Lecturer, ANU College of Law at Australian National University, Australia

Keywords: Sociolegal, Legal Geography, Cultural Geography, Customary Law, Gender, Land Tenure, Legal Pluralism, Political Ecology, Post-Colonialism, Settler Colonialism

Lecturer, School of Languages and Social sciences at Aston University, United Kingdom

Keywords: Self-Determination, Political Process, International Relationships, Post-Colonialism, Regional Integration, French Overseas Territories, Sub-regionalism

Patrick NUNN
Professor, Sustainability Research Centre at University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Keywords: Climate Change, Coastal Erosion, Cultural Change, Human Ecology, Indigenous Knowledge, Kava, Landscape, Myth, Religion And The Environment, Sustainable Development

Research Fellow, Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany

Keywords: Political Anthropology, Leadership, Legal Pluralism, Cultural Change, Environment, Climate Change

PhD Student, Humanities at University of Southern Queensland, Australia

Keywords: Governance, Political Process, Sub-regionalism, Nationalism, Political Culture, Post-Colonialism, Social Organization, Development

Senior Lecturer, School of Social Sciences at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Colonialism, First Contacts, Pacific Studies as Field of Study, Photography, Visualization and Representation

Research Fellow, Historical and Philosophical Inquiry at University of Queensland/Deakin University, Australia

Keywords: Photography, Historical Imagination

Michael Clifford QUINNELL
Adjunct/associate Researcher, Cultural Environments QMS at Queensland Museum, Australia

Keywords: Material Culture, Museums, Rock Art, Torres Strait, Typology, Textiles / Fibre Arts, Tapa, Native Title, Indo-Pacific Prehistory, Ethnographic Encounter

Jean Louis RALLU
Senior Research Fellow, INED at INED, France

Keywords: Age and Aging, Cultural Studies, Development, Migration, Youth, Population and Development

Independent researcher, Parliament of Vanuatu at Parliament of Vanuatu, Vanuatu

Keywords: Agenda Building, Art, Bislama, Bureaucratization, Class, Community Development, Contemporary Indigenous Art, Corruption, Cultural Heritage, Cultural Policy

Knut RIO
Professor, University Museum of Bergen, Cultural History at University of Bergen, Norway

Keywords: Economic Anthropology, Kinship, Sorcery, Urbanization, Egalitarianism, Work, Monsters

David ROE
Adjunct/associate Researcher, College of Arts, Society and Education at James Cook University, Australia

Keywords: Austronesian Prehistory, Cultural Heritage, Cultural Landscapes, Ethnobotany, Heritage Management, Rock Art, World Heritage

Benedicta ROUSSEAU
Lecturer, Anthropology Programme at University of Waikato, New Zealand

Keywords: Disaster, Economic Anthropology, Leadership, Law and Culture, Morality, Sovereignty, Urban Identity, Elections, Kastom, Infrastructure

Associate Professor, Centre for Samoan Studies at National University of Samoa, Samoa

Keywords: Applied Anthropology, Development Studies

Associate Professor, ISTHIA at Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, France

Keywords: Food and Nutrition, Gender, Identity, Globalization, Sex Workers, Social Change

Monika STERN
Research Fellow, CREM (Centre de Recherche en Ethnomusicologie)-LESC (Laboratoire d'ethnologie et de sociologie comparative); associée au CREDO - Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie at CNRS - Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, France

Keywords: Anthropological Field Records, Art, Contemporary Indigenous Art, Digital Resources, Exchanges, Identity, Intellectual Property Rights, Social Change, Youth, Music

Senior Research Fellow, CREDO - Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie at CNRS - Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, France

Senior Research Fellow, School of Languages and Linguistics at University of Melbourne, Australia

Keywords: Austronesian Languages, Language Documentation, Linguistic Anthropology, South Efate Language

Associate Professor, Department of Ethnology at Moscow State University, Russian Federation

Keywords: Miklouho-Maclay, First Contacts, Historical Consciousness, History, Narratives, Myth

Upolu Luma VAAI
Senior Lecturer, HoD Theology and Ethics Department at Pacific Theological College, Fiji

Keywords: Christianity, Pacific Relational Hermeneutics, Relational Theology, Relational Ethics, Pacific Epistemology, Climate Change, Colonialism, Economy And Justice

Frederique VALENTIN
Research Fellow, UMR 7041 at CNRS - Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique, France

Keywords: Mortuary Rites, Food and Nutrition, Migration

Frédérique VALENTIN
Senior Research Fellow, UMR Temps at CNRS, France

Keywords: Funerary Archaeology, Biological Anthropology

Assistant Professor, College of Education at the American University in the Emirates, United Arab Emirates

Keywords: Linguistic Anthropology, Evolution of Language, Contact Linguistic, Digital Resources, Urbanization, Urban Identity, Nationalism, Creoles, Identity, Bislama

Associate Professor, School of Marine Studies at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Climate Change, Conservation, Cultural Geography, Fisheries, Natural Resources, Natural Hazards, Sustainability

Senior Lecturer, Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology at University of Hamburg, Germany

Keywords: Agency, Applied Anthropology, Class, Colonial Discourse, Cognitive Anthropology, Colonialism, Conflict, Conflict Management, Cultural Change, Cultural Heritage

Research Fellow, Department of Community Sustainability at Michigan State University, United States

Keywords: Applied Anthropology, Children, Environment, Food and Nutrition, Gardens, Global Health, Medical Anthropology, Urbanization, Visual Anthropology, Mothering

Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for Global Change and Sustainability at University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Austria

Keywords: Climate Change, Climate Change Migration, Coastal Erosion, Cultural Change, Disaster, Interdisciplinarity, Migration, Mining and its Discontents, Natural Hazards, Social Change

Associate Professor, CNEP Centre des Nouvelles Etude sur le Pacifique at University of New Caledonia, New Caledonia

Postdoctoral Fellow, Archaeo- and Palaeogenetics group, Institute for Archaeological Sciences at University of Tübingen, Germany

Keywords: Migration And Im/Mobility, Polynesian Outliers

Official Websites

  • Government of Vanuatu...
  • UNESCO - Chief Roi Mata’s Domain...
  • Vanuatu Cultural Centre...

    Research Centres

  • Pacific Institute of Public Policy...

    Libraries and Archives

  • Emalus Campus Library of the University o...
  • Emalus Campus Library of the University of...
  • Emalus Campus Library of the University of...

    Museum Collections

  • American Museum of Natural History...
  • Australian Museum...
  • Berndt Museum of Anthropology...

    Health and Health Research

  • Commonwealth Health Online...
  • Institut of Health Metrics and Evaluation...
  • Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS...


    List of languages
  • More on Glottolog
  • More on Ethnologue
  • Recordings at Paradisec

    Administrative Areas

    Malampa (Province)
    Penama (Province)
    Sanma (Province)
    Shefa (Province)
    Tafea (Province)
    Torba (Province)

    Data for layers and markers are from GAA.
    Note that positions may be inaccurate or approximate.