The World Factbook: Background: :: Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia at least 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they fe...read more [Source: The World Factbook] Wikipedia: Australia i/əˈstreɪljə, ɒ-, -iə/, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
For at least 40,000 years before the...read more [Source: Wikipedia]
Expertise (alphabetical order)
Official WebsitesAustralian Government...Department of the environment - Australian...COAG Standing Council on Environment and W...
Research CentresANU Pacific Institute...Australia-Asia-Pacific Institute (AAPI) - ...Australian Centre for International Agricu...
Libraries and ArchivesAustralian National University Archives...Australian National University Library...Library of the University of Western Aust...
Museum CollectionsAmerican Museum of Natural History...Australian Museum...Berndt Museum of Anthropology...
Health and Health ResearchAustralasian Medical Journal...Australian and New Zealand Journal of Publ...Australian Health Review...
List of languages More on Glottolog
More on Ethnologue
Recordings at Paradisec
Administrative AreasAshmore and Cartier Islands (Territory)
Australian Capital Territory (Territory)
Coral Sea Islands (Territory)
New South Wales (State)
Northern Territory (Territory)
South Australia (State)
Western Australia (State)
Data for layers and markers are from GAA
Note that positions may be inaccurate or approximate.