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The World Factbook: Background: :: New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997. :: more [Source: The World Factbook] Wikipedia: Samoa (i/səˈmoʊ.ə/; Samoan: Sāmoa, IPA: [ˌsaːˈmoa]), officially the Independent State of Samoa (Samoan: Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Sāmoa), formerly known as Western Samoa, is a country encompassing the western part of the Samoan Islands in the South Pacific Ocean. It became independent from New Zealand in 1962. The two main islands of Samoa are Upolu and Savai'i, one of the biggest islands in Polynesia. The capital city, Apia, and Faleolo International Airport are situated on more [Source: Wikipedia]

Expertise (alphabetical order)

Senior Lecturer at University of Melbourne, Australia

Keywords: Gender, Body, Class, Dance, Development, Diasporas, Economic Anthropology, Emotions, Ethics, Feminism

Postdoctoral Fellow, Centre de recherches en littérature et poétique comparées at Université Paris Nanterre, France

Keywords: Myth, Imagology, Colonial Imagination, Colonial Literature, Post-Colonialism, Poetics, Cultural Studies

Research Fellow, Anthropology Department/School of Psychology at The University of Waikato, New Zealand

Keywords: Development Studies, Education, Kava/Yaqona, Cognition, Health, Applied Anthropology, Community Development, Cultural Studies, Customary Law, Decolonisation

Senior Lecturer, School of Economics at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Population and Development, Migration, Age and Aging, Employment, Labour Mobility, Urbanization, Poverty, Vulnerability

Administrative staff, Departement de la Recherche et de l'Enseignement at Musée du quai Branly, France

Keywords: Body Theory, Subaltern Bodies, Sport, Social Organization, Social Change, Ritual Studies, Religion And The Environment, Polynesian Chiefdoms, Political Anthropology, Perception

Kasia Renae COOK
Independent researcher, The Samoa Historical and Cultural Trust, Samoa

Keywords: Colonialism, Identity, Feeling of Belonging, Cultural Heritage, Race / Racism, Inter-racial Relations, Emigration, Racial Mobility

Jennifer CORRIN
Professor, Centre for Public, International and Comparative Law at T C Beirne School of Law, The University of Queensland, Australia

Keywords: Customary Law, Legal Pluralism, Law and Culture, Human Rights, Dispute Resolution, Land Tenure

Associate Professor, Department of Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific at Australian National University, Australia

Keywords: Climate Change, Agency, Anthropology, Conflict Resolution, Coral Reefs, Cultural Geography, Development Studies, Fisheries, Food History, History

Professor, Shidler College of Business at University of Hawaii at Manoa, United States

Keywords: Island Studies, Agency, Anthropology Of Knowing, Leadership

Independent researcher, retired University Professor at University of the French Pacific, French Polynesia

Keywords: Myth, Pre-European Settlement, Genetics, Archaeology, Prehistory

PhD Student, Division of Tropical Environments and Societies at James Cook University, Australia

Professor, School of Art and Design at Auckland University of Technology - Te Wānanga Aronui o Tāmaki Makau Rau, New Zealand

Keywords: Architectural Anthropology, Audiovisual and Media, Performance, Possession, Post-Colonialism, Spatial Theory, Indigenous/non-Indigenous Relations, Indigenous Epistemology, Decolonisation, Exhibitions

Contractual researcher, CREDO - Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie at Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, EHESS, France

Keywords: Christianisation, Conceptual Model, Colonialism, Missiology, Indigenous Christianities

Professor, Law at Northumbria University, United Kingdom

Keywords: Customary Law, Gender, Land Tenure, Neo-Colonialism, Post-Colonialism, Sustainability, Development, Children, Legal Pluralism

Sebastien GALLIOT
Research Fellow, CREDO - Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie at Aix-Marseille University, CNRS, EHESS, France

Keywords: Cultural Technology, First Contacts, Art, Ritual, Social Change

PhD Student, School of Geography at University of Otago, New Zealand

Keywords: Climate Change Migration, Pacific Studies, Sustainable Development, Perceptions, Geography, Sustainable Livelihoods

Jessica HARDIN
Lecturer, Sociology and Anthropology at Pacific University, United States

Keywords: Medical Anthropology, Christianity, Food and Nutrition, Body, Biomedicine, Metabolic Disorders, Chronic Illness, Gender

Senior Lecturer, Department of Politics at University of Otago, New Zealand

Keywords: Corruption, Customary Law, Decolonisation, Democracy, Development, Foreign Policy, Governance, Globalization, Land Tenure, Politics

Independent researcher, Pacific Community at EU PacTVET project, Tonga

Keywords: Resilience, Indigenous Knowledge, Forced Migration, Subaltern Bodies, Māui Genealogies, Body Theory, Coconut Oil, Race, Settlerhood

Stephanie LAWSON
Professor, Department of Modern History, Politics and International Relations at Macquarie University, Australia

Keywords: Custom, Democracy, Globalization, Governance, Inter-ethnic Relations, International Relationships, Pacific Regional Politics, Politics, Post-Colonialism, Race / Racism

Associate Professor, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Campus Gotland at Uppsala University, Sweden

Keywords: Architectural Anthropology, Austronesian Prehistory, Cultural Change, Cultural Heritage, Heritage Management, Material Culture, Migration, Polynesian Chiefdoms, Post-Colonialism, Spatial Theory

Research Fellow, Faculty of Education, University of Auckland at Uniservices Consultancy Ltd, New Zealand

Keywords: Education, Education Policy, Language Policy, Language Shift, Language-Culture-Cognition, Polynesian Languages, Pacific Studies, Language, Literacy, Bilingual/Immersion Education

Independent researcher, Centre for Samoan Studies at National University of Samoa, Samoa

Keywords: Development, Water Resources, Human Rights, Gender, Governance

Richard MOYLE
Professor emeritus, Centre for Pacific Studies at University of Auckland, New Zealand

Keywords: Christianisation, Cultural Change, Dance, Indigenous/non-Indigenous Relations, Language Documentation, Polynesian Languages, Ritual, Voyaging, Oral Tradition, Music

Professor, Department for Social and Cultural Anthropology at University of Vienna, Austria

Keywords: Historical Imagination, Mission History, Post-Colonialism, Neo-Colonialism, Colonialism, Conflict Management, Cultural Studies, History, Material Culture, Peace And Conflict

Patrick NUNN
Professor, Sustainability Research Centre at University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Keywords: Climate Change, Coastal Erosion, Cultural Change, Human Ecology, Indigenous Knowledge, Kava, Landscape, Myth, Religion And The Environment, Sustainable Development

Senior Research Fellow, School of Marine Studies at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Canoes, Climate Change, Climate Policy, Transport, Voyaging, Technology

Dr Vaoiva PONTON
Research Fellow, Manawise Group at Manawise Group, Australia

Keywords: Education Policy, Education, Democracy

Associate Professor, School of Art and Design at Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand

Keywords: Architectural Anthropology

Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences at University of Siegen, Germany

Keywords: Migration, Social Organization, Agency, Applied Anthropology, Class, Colonial Discourse, Colonial Imagination, Colonialism, Complexity, Conflict

Associate Professor, Centre for Samoan Studies at National University of Samoa, Samoa

Keywords: Applied Anthropology, Development Studies

Lecturer, Faculty of Education and Social Work at The University of Auckland, New Zealand

Keywords: Critical History, Cultural Heritage, Cultural Transformation, Decolonisation, Decolonising Academia, Diasporas, Education, Indigeneity, Language Revitalization, Language Shift

Lecturer, Visual Arts Department at University of California San Diego, United States

Keywords: Art, Gender, Religion, Body Theory, Ritual Studies

PhD Student, School of History, Culture and Arts Studies/ Folkloristics at University of Turku, Finland

Keywords: Cosmology, Myth, Symbolism, History, Regional History, Oral Tradition, Agency, Cultural Change, Colonial Process, Digital Resources

Professor emeritus, CREDO - Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie and ANU CAP CHL at Aix Marseille Uni+CNRS+EHESS--Australian Nat Uni, France

Other staff, Learning Advisor at Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand

Keywords: Cognitive Anthropology, First Contacts, Exchanges, Cosmology, Colonial Literature, Christianity, Christianisation, Myth, Personhood, Ritual Studies

Associate Professor, Development Studies at University of Auckland, New Zealand

Keywords: Body, Development, Markets, Political Ecology, Feminsm

Upolu Luma VAAI
Senior Lecturer, HoD Theology and Ethics Department at Pacific Theological College, Fiji

Keywords: Christianity, Pacific Relational Hermeneutics, Relational Theology, Relational Ethics, Pacific Epistemology, Climate Change, Colonialism, Economy And Justice

Associate Professor, School of Marine Studies at University of the South Pacific, Fiji

Keywords: Climate Change, Conservation, Cultural Geography, Fisheries, Natural Resources, Natural Hazards, Sustainability

Official Websites

  • Government of Samoa...
  • Ministry of the Prime Minister and Cabinet...
  • Office of the Attorney General...

    Research Centres

  • Centre for Samoan Studies - National Unive...
  • Scientific Research Organisation of Samoa ...

    Libraries and Archives

  • Alafua Campus Library of the University of...
  • National University of Samoa Library (NUSL...
  • Samoa Public Library (Nelson Memorial Publ...

    Museum Collections

  • American Museum of Natural History...
  • Australian Museum...
  • Berndt Museum of Anthropology...

    Health and Health Research

  • Commonwealth Health Online...
  • Faculty of Medicine - National University ...
  • Institut of Health Metrics and Evaluation...


    List of languages
  • More on Glottolog
  • More on Ethnologue
  • Recordings at Paradisec

    Administrative Areas

    A'ana (Itumalo)
    Aiga-i-le-Tai (Itumalo)
    Atua (Itumalo)
    Fa'asaleleaga (Itumalo)
    Gaga'emauga (Itumalo)
    Gagaifomauga (Itumalo)
    Palauli (Itumalo)
    Satupa'itea (Itumalo)
    Tuamasaga (Itumalo)
    Va'a-o-Fonoti (Itumalo)
    Vaisigano (Itumalo)

    Data for layers and markers are from GAA.
    Note that positions may be inaccurate or approximate.